However, five months after the book was published, Galileo was ordered to Rome to appear before the Inquisition. In reviewing Galileos old file, the Inquisition had uncovered the memorandum of 1616, that ordered Galileo to never teach the Copernican system ever again.
This discovery made it appear that Galileo had concealed the information from the Pope, when he obtained permission to write his book, and in the process, his old friend became his foe. and, the Pope ordered him to stand trial. Despite producing an affidavit from Cardinal Bellarmine, attesting that Galileo had only been admonished, Galileo was sentenced to life in prison and his book, Dialogue, was ordered to be burned.
In the end, Galileo forever changed the sciences of astronomy, physics and mathematics. Despite the attempts by the Church to silence his revolutionary work, Galileo continued.
His work, was evaluated and validated by observers across Europe, in England, German and France. and, it would be Galileos work that would encourage experimentation in physics, to test mathematical and physical laws. Sadly, it wouldnt be until more than 300 years later that the Church would recant their views, with Cardinal Paul Poupard, the head of an investigation by the church into Galileos theory, statement in 1992 that said, “We today know that Galileo was right in adopting the Copernican astronomical theory” (qtd. Brauchli).
Brauchli, C. “In Limbo No Longer.” Spot-on.com 11 May 2007. International Security & Counter Terrorism Reference Center. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. December 3, 2007 http://web.ebscohost.com.
Drake, S. “Galileo.” Encyclopedia Americana. 2007. Grolier Online. 5 Dec. 2007 http://ea.grolier.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=0169790-00.
LoPresto, M. “Dealing with Conflicts Between Religion and Science in Introductory Astronomy.” Mercury 28(6) Nov/Dec 1999: pp. 36-37. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOHost. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ. December 3, 2007 http://web.ebscohost.com.
Wilson, D. “Galileos Religion vs. The Churchs Science? Rethinking the History of Science and Religion.” Physics in Perspective 1(1). 1999: pp. 65-86. Academic.