Both Washington and Adams proposed a rather strong federal government with powerful executive powers reserved for the president, though in keeping with Constitutional values and law. Of the first three presidents, Adams was perhaps more concerned with using the powers of the presidency, mainly to prevent legislation being based on fleeting public passions. However, the third president Thomas Jefferson interpreted the executive role as being more egalitarian than many other politicians at the time. Jeffersons ideal presidency was one that sought continual approval of the people: a more directly democratic vision than the federalists would have posed.
Bailey, J.D. “Democratic energy: Thomas Jefferson and the development of presidential power.” Dissertation. Retrieved Feb 24, 2008 at http://escholarship.bc.edu/dissertations/AAI3103238/
United States House of Representatives. 110th Congress, 2nd session. Retrieved Feb 24, 2008 at http://www.house.gov/
US Senate. Retrieved Feb 24, 2008 at http://www.senate.gov.